Under the name Leibniz Institute for Interactive Materials, the DWI pursues the goal of developing material functions that have previously only been witnessed in living matter. This relates to the ability of materials to:
- Adapt their properties in accordance with changing external conditions
- Repair defects
- Change their shape
- Interact with living matter and direct the reaction of this living matter in a desired way.
The aim of these innovative materials is to enable advances in the medical and hygiene sectors, as well as in areas such as mobility, the environment and sustainability, and in doing so, to help to create the best possible way of life in the 21st century.
Vision & Mission
The work performed by the DWI focuses on research, development and the translation of concepts for a molecular technology that uses the wide range of molecular structures and self-assembly processes in combination with technical structuring processes to enable advanced material functions. Due to the arrangement of molecular structures and the programmed process by which molecules form a system, soft matter is unlike any other class of material with regards to the new possibilities it opens up for the development of new physical, chemical, and biological functions in harmony with the principles of nature. The connection to nature that is inherent in material research focusing on soft matter is associated with three challenges: compatibility with living organisms and natural cycles, integration of natural building blocks for the development of new materials, and last but not least, the challenge of studying the structural organization of natural materials and learning how these can be used to enable new, highly advanced functions and properties.
If you compare synthetic materials with naturally grown matter, it is immediately apparent how much more diverse and complex the structures of the latter are. A characteristic feature of naturally grown matter is hierarchic structures in which molecules form functional units, which are in turn grouped together to form larger units. Due to the complexity of the structure and the interaction between the components, the information that is necessary to comprehensively describe a biological structure – be it a piece of wood or even a living cell – is significantly more extensive than that required to describe a simple synthetic material. In addition to the control of structural formation across many length scales, the high functionality of biological matter is also based on the selection of intelligent structures from the endless range of options. The atoms and molecules of biological matter are usually connected to one another in accordance with a complex structural design, which has been developed by the mechanisms of evolution to perform optimally.